Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) is a rapidly progressive life-threatening condition that affects millions of dogs every year. In the beginning, the stomach fills with gas, food, foam, or air, causing the stomach to bloat, causing a gastric dilatation or enlargement.

If the condition persists, the stomach continues to fill with gas and twists and progresses from simple gastric dilatation or Bloat to GDV. With no release, the stomach continues to expand and twist, cutting off the blood supply. At the same time, pressure is placed on internal organs, making it difficult for your dog to breathe and creating a life-threatening emergency where surgery and immediate veterinary care are needed.

The exact cause of Bloat GDV is unknown, but there is a multitude of factors that can make a dog more susceptible to developing this condition, such as:

  • Genetics – Large breed dogs with deep, narrow chests can be at higher risks at developing GDV
  • Eating habits – Eating one large meal a day, exercising after eating, and eating or drinking too quickly can be contributing factors
  • Age – Dogs over 7 are more likely to develop GDV than others

It is important to note that any dog, regardless of age, size, and breed, can develop GDV.

Symptoms

Most dogs will go into shock as soon as signs of GDV are realized, and death can occur within a matter of a few hours. It is essential to take your dog to the vet as soon as you notice any symptoms of GDV. The following are the most common signs of bloat GDV in dogs:

  • Enlarged abdomen
  • Rapid or shallow breathing
  • Increase in heart rate
  • Cold body temperature
  • Unsuccessful attempts to vomit
  • Excessive saliva
  • Pale nose or gums
  • Restlessness, pacing, and anxiety
  • Shock
  • Collapsing

Treatment

Bloat GDV is a life-threatening emergency that requires immediate veterinary attention. Once at the clinic, your vet will be able to relieve pressure on the stomach wall and internal organs. Shock treatment will also begin right away so that once your dog is stable, the surgical correction of GDV can begin if necessary.

What can you do?

Bloat GDV can be tough to prevent because the exact cause is not always known, and even with preventions, sometimes your dog may still get Bloat GDV. Some things you can do to help your dog avoid developing this condition include:

  • Breaking up Meals – Instead of giving large meals, multiple meals throughout the day of smaller portions can help.
  • Slow down their eating – overzealous eats may be at risk for bloat. Special bowls like puzzle feeders are designed to slow your dog’s intake. If your dog has siblings, separating them during meals can help them not feel rushed.
  • Avoid exercising after a meal – encourage your dog to relax after eating.
  • Keep water available at all times.

Your veterinarian may also recommend gastropexy surgery, where the stomach is attached to the body wall to reduce the likelihood of the dog’s stomach rotating. Please note that though this does prevent twisting of the stomach in most cases, there is still a chance of your dog’s stomach twisting and developing into GDV even with surgical preventions.

For more information on Bloat GDV and how you can reduce your dog’s risk, please contact Quartz Mountain Animal Hospital today.

Testimonials

My cat was having some issues I call Quartz Animal Hospital and they were able to get me a same day appointment. Very friendly staff. Dr Pluckett was... read more

Julie S.

Got my dogs ears cropped and Renee is hands down the best tech at this facility!! Very personable and invested, you can just tell she cares and had... read more

D'Mitri L.

So originally I was simply going to have Quartz Mountain crop my boy’s ears. Being located in Scottsdale and me living in Midtown Phoenix, I... read more

Lauren A.

Took our Doberman in about 7 months ago to get her ears cropped. We asked for a bell shaped medium length and they look beautiful and healed... read more

Elisabeth G.

Our little girl saw the Dr on Friday and got her ears cropped! She is still healing but they took great care of her and offer a phenomenal aftercare... read more

Chelsea O.

Julie S.

My cat was having some issues I call Quartz Animal Hospital and they were able to get me a same day appointment. Very friendly staff. Dr Pluckett was super helpful and explained in depth what might be going on. My cat needed to get on a special food and they recommended that I try it out first before over buying, just in case my cat didn't like it. I am also super thankful because my phone was not working when they were calling to let me know my cat was ready to be picked up. I called once I was off of work after the office was closed and I had to leave a message. They called me back and were able to stay and wait for me at the office. Very good experience for me here!!

D'Mitri L.

Got my dogs ears cropped and Renee is hands down the best tech at this facility!! Very personable and invested, you can just tell she cares and had no problem helping you out or answering any questions at all! I didn’t have the best experience with the other techs, they just didn’t seem to care and wanted to do the bare minimum, at least that’s how it came off. She definitely changed my whole opinion on the facility!

Lauren A.

So originally I was simply going to have Quartz Mountain crop my boy’s ears. Being located in Scottsdale and me living in Midtown Phoenix, I figured there were quality Vets closer to me than a 30 minute drive. But I was hooked after the first visit! They answered all my questions and gave me deeper insight over the phone even before booking an appointment, the techs not only remember, but seem excited and happy to see my dog every single visit. The surgeon even came out (COVID curbside times) to talk and discuss with me about the style, length, overall aesthetic of his crop and gave overwhelming reassurance during the entire process. And he looks amazing. Laser technique, professional and thorough follow up care...could not be happier. I’ve found my Vet!

Elisabeth G.

Took our Doberman in about 7 months ago to get her ears cropped. We asked for a bell shaped medium length and they look beautiful and healed well!!

Chelsea O.

Our little girl saw the Dr on Friday and got her ears cropped! She is still healing but they took great care of her and offer a phenomenal aftercare program. I would reccomend to anyone especially someone looking for a reasonable cost for ear cropping and a great staff/Dr.

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